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Mathematics-Online lexicon: Annotation to

Scalar Product

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The scalar product of two vectors is defined by
$\displaystyle \vec{a}\cdot\vec{b}$ $\displaystyle =$ $\displaystyle \vert\vec{a}\vert\vert\vec{b}\vert\cos\sphericalangle(\vec{a},\vec{b})$  
  $\displaystyle =$ $\displaystyle a_1 b_1 + a_2 b_2 + a_3 b_3 .$  

In particular, we have

$\displaystyle \vec{a}\cdot\vec{a} = \vert\vec{a}\vert^2


$\displaystyle \vec{a}\cdot\vec{b} = 0 \quad \Leftrightarrow \quad
\vec{a} \perp \vec{b}\,

From the coordinate representation of the scalar product it follows

$\displaystyle \vec{a}\cdot\vec{b} =


$\displaystyle \left(s\vec{a}+r\vec{b}\right)\cdot\vec{c} =

i.e., the scalar product has properties analogous to some calculation rules of the product of real numbers.

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  automatisch erstellt am 19.  8. 2013